The spread of education led to improvements in health and development indicators in Himachal Pradesh

Economics in action

This is an introduction to, and summary of, a longer article available here. The state of Himachal Pradesh (HP) is known for its relatively better achievements in schooling in India. The poverty rate in HP is only 8.5% which is nearly one-third of that of the country. Life expectancy is about three years more than the national average. The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) of the state is also significantly lower than the figure at the national level. The improvements in health and education give HP a higher position in the Human Development Index next only to Kerala and Delhi. Compared to the other Indian states, HP also has an above-average growth rate in its State Domestic Product (SDP).

Primary schooling had started in these parts of the country much before the formation of the state of Himachal Pradesh. This was the case even in remote localities, from where people…

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