There is a lot of muddled thinking on what do we mean by theory and practice in social sciences. (On the other hand, there is no such confusion in professional sciences like engineering, medicine, agriculture or management.) Moreover, in reality, there is very little knowledge of practice in social science and in its education. Let me try to elaborate these.
What is Theory?
In order to make the terms clearer (even to non-academic readers) let me use a simple example. Someone starts with a proposition or idea that the fertility rate (the number of children per woman) is likely to come down, if women are educated. This could be based on some understanding of an experience or information. Then this proposition can be elaborated. This happens when that person answers the following question: `why does he/she think that fertility rate would come down through the education of women?’ It may…
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